2 Contribution to total uniaxial anisotropy due to "two-site" anisotropy

(137) |

The double sum is over all . If we analyze only the contribution of the spin i, we obtain that it is described by:

(138) |

In the case when the state of the system has the ferromagnetic order, where all the unit vectors are pointing out in the same direction, we can rewrite the last expression as:

(139) |

being the effective symmetric contribution of the exchange interaction at layer , it has been defined previously as . As we have shown in the chapter 6.3.4, for Co(100) and the has the following form:

(140) |

This expression can be separated in two contributions,

(141) |

Therefore we have that:

(142) |

This formula can be simplified as:

The first term on the right hand side (r.h.s) of this equation is isotropic and does not contribute to the anisotropy of the system, but it can modify the isotropic part of the exchange interaction. If we remember the initial hypothesis of the ferromagnetic state of the system, the second term in the (r.h.s.) of the equation A.19 can be expressed as: and this formula is analogous to that of the expression for the uniaxial anisotropy with easy axis parallel to the axis.

In conclusion the "two-site" anisotropy can contribute to the effective uniaxial anisotropy under the assumptions mentioned above.

Rocio Yanes